the Al Adha holiday we took a day to visit the two major cities of
south of Beirut, Sidon and Tyre. The banner above shows a panoramic
picture of one of Tyre's most famous ruins, a huge Roman necropolis
with an arc de triomphe at its entrance.
A Little Background.....
the earliest origins of Tyre are unknown, the testimonies of ancient
and some archaeological evidence suggest it goes back to the start of
3rd millennium BC. Originally a mainland settlement with an island city
a short distance offshore, it came of age in the 10th century BC when
Hiram expanded the mainland and built two ports and a temple to honor
the city's god. Its flourishing maritime trade, Mediterranean colonies,
its purple dye and glass industries made Tyre very powerful and
But the city's wealth attracted enemies. In the 6th century BC the
successfully defied Nebuchadnezzar for 13 years. Alexander The Great
siege to it for 7 years, finally overwhelming the island city by
a great causeway from the shore to the island.
The Roman Era and Beyond
their day the Romans built a magnificent city at Tyre. The remains of
Roman streets, arcades and public buildings, including one of the
hippodromes of the period, are Tyre's major attractions. Occupied by
Muslim Arabs in 636, then captured in 1124 by the Crusaders, Tyre was
important fortified town of the kingdom of Jerusalem. In 1291 the
took the city; during the 400 year Ottoman period (beginning 1516) it
a quiet town. Now a sleepy port town, it was incorporated into the
of Lebanon at the end of World War I. It is a charming place in which
while away vacation time.
City of Tyre
remains of Tyre, in addition to the archeological treasures described
is a fishing town of approximately 250,000, with an old city filled
the characteristic Middle East bazaars or souks (located on the
connecting the original island to the mainland) and a new city, located
inland. Tyre has a colorful souk (market) well worth exploring.
it was closed on our visit, due to the religious holiday. Near the
you'll see a busy fisherman's port, in Phoenician times referred to as
the "Sidonian port" because it faced north towards Sidon. Along the
with the sea on your right is the city's Christian Quarter, a
area of narrow streets, traditional architecture, and the Seat of the
Bishop of Tyre and the Holy Land.
Archeology of Tyre
is home to many archaeological sites, and in 1979
declared it a World Heritage Site. We have created a virtual tour on Google Expeditions to show you
A Virtual Tour of
Tyre's Archeological Treasures
click on the white information icon
to learn about each scene
Following our visit to Tyre, we went to the seaport of
Sidon. Click here to visit. . .
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